Important Archaeological Discoveries

Archaeologists around the world agree that some sites are more interesting than others. Following, a top three list with some of the most impressive archaeological findings:

Terracotta Army

Terracotta ArmyThe site was discovered in the Chinese province of Shaanxi, by a farmer that was digging a water well as deep as 1,6 kilometres, on 29 march 1974. The soldier and horses funerary statue is a huge collection of sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. This funerary art had the purpose to protect the leader in his afterlife. He was buried in 210 BC. The group of sculptures contains 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 4 horses each, and 150 cavalry horses. Non military statues, such as officials, acrobats, musicians and strongmen were found amongst the terracotta army. Recent studies have shown that the terracotta army is part of a larger mausoleum, built in a pyramidal shape, that represents the palace structure, containing halls, offices, stables and other constructions.

Moai or Easter Island Statues

The Rapa Nui people, between 1250 and 1500 CE carved the immense monolithic figures depicting large heads human like statues. The heads are three eighths of the whole statue size. The biggest is around 10 meters high and it weights around 82 tons. The moai represent the faces of the deified ancestors of Rapa Nui people. Archaeologists suggested that these statues represented the authority and power of a civilisation, both political and religious. Apparently, these statues were believed to be hosting the souls of the ancestors.

Rosetta Stone

The three language rock was a precious discovery for the archaeologists in 1799. It gave a great insight on the modern understanding of Egyptian hieroglyphs. The huge granodiorite rock fragment is supposed to remember the coronation of King Ptolemy, around 196 BC. The upper text was written in Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs, the middle part in Demotic script and the lower in Ancient Greek. Due to the missing parts from all the languages, the Rosetta stone still today is a mystery to many archaeologists.